National Research Council, «Putting Biotechnology to Work: Bioprocess Engineering

National Research Council, «Putting Biotechnology to Work: Bioprocess Engineering»ISBN: 0309047854 | Publisher: National Academies Press | Publication Date: 1992-11 | Number Of Pages: 132 | pdf | 1,6 mb

Biotechnology is broadly defined in a 1991 Office of Technology Assessment report as "any technique that uses living organisms (or parts of organisms) to make or modify products, to improve plants or animals, or to develop microorganisms for specific uses." This technology has been instrumental in the development and implementation of processes for the manufacture of antibiotics and other pharmaceuticals, industrial sugars, alcohols,amino acids and other organic acids, foods, and specialty products through the application of microbiology, fermentation, enzymes, and separation technology.Engineers, working with life scientists, often achieved scale-up to industrial production in remarkably short periods. A relatively small number helped to catalyze, over a period of 50 years, the growth of the pharmaceutical, food, agricultural-processing, and specialty-product sectors of the U.S. economy to the
point where sales now exceed $100 billion/year.